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May 22, 2013

New report assails criminal justice approach to illegal immigration problems

Us0513_immigration_reportcoverAs detailed in this press release, Human Rights Watch has today released this notable new report titled "Turning Migrants Into Criminals: The Harmful Impact of US Border Prosecutions."  That title reveals the major theme of the report, but here is more from the start of the press release:

The skyrocketing criminal prosecutions of migrants for illegally entering or reentering the United States carry huge human and financial costs, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today.  Imprisoning migrants with minor or no criminal records before deporting them often affects people seeking to reunite with their families in the US or fleeing persecution.

The 82-page report, “Turning Migrants Into Criminals: The Harmful Impact of US Border Prosecutions,” documents the negative impact of illegal entry and reentry prosecutions, which have increased 1,400 and 300 percent, respectively, over the past 10 years and now outnumber prosecutions for all other federal crimes.  Over 80,000 people were convicted of these crimes in 2012, many in rapid-fire mass prosecutions that violate due process rights.  Many are separated from their US families, and a large number end up in costly and overcrowded federal prisons, some for months or years.

“The US government is turning migrants into criminals by prosecuting many who could just be deported,” said Grace Meng, US researcher at Human Rights Watch and author of the report.  “Many of these migrants aren’t threats to public safety, but people trying to be with their families.”

The Senate immigration reform bill, proposed by the bipartisan “Gang of Eight,” calls for an additional US$250 million for increased prosecutions of these cases in Tucson, Arizona, and increasing the maximum penalties for many categories of people charged with illegal entry and reentry.  The US government should instead end unnecessary prosecutions for illegal entry or reentry.

The report is based on a thorough analysis of US government data and interviews with more than 180 people, including migrants and their families, lawyers, prosecutors, and judges.

The rapid growth in federal prosecutions of immigration offenses is part of a larger trend in which criminal law enforcement resources have been brought to bear on immigration enforcement, traditionally considered a civil matter.  Illegal entry — entering the country without authorization — is a misdemeanor.  Illegal reentry — reentering after deportation — is a felony.

May 22, 2013 at 04:45 PM | Permalink

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Comments

I'm sorry to see people with just the crime of illegal entry going to prison. But till the countries that surround us. Stop doing the same. So Be IT!

Posted by: rodsmith | May 22, 2013 11:38:19 PM

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