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November 5, 2016

"Disenfranchisement and Over-Incarceration"

The title of this post is the title of this new short article authored by Murat Mungan and now available via SSRN. Here is the abstract:

Disenfranchisement laws in many states prohibit convicted felons from voting. The removal of ex-convicts from the pool of eligible voters reduces the pressure politicians may otherwise face to protect the interests of this group. In particular, disenfranchisement laws may cause the political process to push the sentences for criminal offenses upwards.

In this article, I construct a simple model with elected law enforcers who propose sentences to maximize their likelihood of election. I show, with the help of the median voter theorem, that even without disenfranchisement, elections typically generate over-incarceration, i.e. longer than optimal sentences.

Disenfranchisement further widens the gap between the optimal sentence and the equilibrium sentence, and thereby exacerbates the problem of over-incarceration. Moreover, this result is valid even when voter turnout is negatively correlated with people's criminal tendencies, i.e. when criminals vote less frequently than non-criminals.

November 5, 2016 at 04:16 PM | Permalink

Comments

Those that have served their time honorably and been released should have their rights restored. Most were probably innocent anyway.

Why isn't Hillary Clinton and the proven corrupt administration in Jail? Are they above the LAW?

Posted by: LC in Texas | Nov 6, 2016 3:47:29 PM

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