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August 28, 2017

Helpful new Sentencing Project fact sheet on "Private Prisons in the United States"

The fine folks at The Sentencing Project have this fine new two-page fact sheet providing state-by-state data on the use of private prisons.  Here is some of the text that accompanies the charts in the publication:

Private prisons in the United States incarcerated 126,272 people in 2015, representing 8% of the total state and federal prison population.  Since 2000, the number of people housed in private prisons has increased 45%.

States show significant variation in their use of private correctional facilities.  For example, New Mexico and Montana incarcerate over 40% of their prison populations in private facilities, while states such as Illinois and New York do not employ for-profit prisons.

Data compiled by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) show that in 2015, 28 states and the federal government incarcerated people in private facilities run by corporations including GEO Group, Core Civic (formerly Corrections Corporation of America), and Management and Training Corporation.

According to BJS data, 21 of the states with private prison contracts incarcerate more than 500 people in for-profit prisons.  Texas, the first state to adopt private prisons in 1985, incarcerated the largest number of people under state jurisdiction, 14,293.

Since 2000, the number of people in private prisons has increased 45%, compared to an overall rise in the prison population of 10%. In five states, the private prison population has increased 100% or more during this period.  The federal prison system experienced a 125% increase in use of private prisons since 2000 reaching 34,934 people in private facilities in 2015.

Despite the significant growth in private prisons since 2000, the number of people housed in these facilities has declined 8% since reaching a national peak population of 137,220 in 2012.  Since 2000 six states — Arkansas, Kentucky, Maine, Michigan, Utah and Wisconsin — have eliminated their use of private prisons due to concerns about safety and cost-cutting.  An additional six states saw reductions of 40% or more in the use of private prisons during this period.

August 28, 2017 at 11:03 AM | Permalink

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