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March 26, 2018

"The War on Drugs Breeds Crafty Traffickers"

The title of this post is the title of this notable new op-ed in the New York Times authored by Sanhoe Tree. I recommend the piece is full, and here are excerpts:

Politicians often escalate drug war rhetoric to show voters that they are doing something. But it is rare to ignore generations of lessons as President Trump did earlier this month when he announced his support for the execution of drug traffickers. This idea is insane. But the war on drugs has never made any sense to begin with.

Executing a few individual smugglers will do little to stop others because there is no high command of the international drug trade to target, no generals who can order a coordinated surrender of farmers, traffickers, money launderers, dealers or users.  The drug trade is diffuse and can span thousands of miles from producer to consumer. People enter the drug economy for all sorts of reasons — poverty, greed, addiction — and because they believe they will get away with it.  Most people do.  The death penalty only hurts the small portion of people who are caught (often themselves minorities and low-level mules).

Indeed, on the ground, the threat of execution will even help those who aren’t caught because they can charge an increased risk premium to the next person in the smuggling chain. The risk of capture and punishment increases as drugs move from farm to processing lab, traversing jungles, through cities, across oceans, past borders, distributed by dealers and purchased by consumers.  The greater the risk to smugglers in this chain, the more they can demand in payment....

An overreliance on intensive policing over the decades has also produced a rapid Darwinian evolution of the drug trade.  The people we have typically captured tend to be the ones who are dumb enough to get caught.  They may have violated operational security, bragged too much, lived conspicuous lifestyles or engaged in turf wars.  The ones we usually miss tend to be the most innovative, adaptable and cunning. We have picked off their clumsy competition for them and opened up that lucrative economic trafficking space to the most efficient organizations.  It is as though we have had a decades-long policy of selectively breeding supertraffickers and ensuring the “survival of the fittest.”

To support his case for executions, Mr. Trump cites draconian penalties in other countries. Iran has used the death penalty extensively in drug cases, but more than 2.8 million Iranians still consume illicit drugs.  Earlier this year, the Iranian government even repealed the use of executions in most drug cases which could spare up to 5,000 people on death row.

Mr. Trump often praises President Rodrigo Duterte’s brutal drug war in the Philippines, which has claimed 12,000 to 20,000 lives in mostly extrajudicial killings.  But there is little indication that drug use has actually decreased.  In fact, as the killings have increased, so too have the government’s drug use estimates.  What began as 1.8 million users at the beginning of 2016 grew to three million and later four million.  Last September, the Philippine Foreign Secretary, Alan Peter Cayetano, even raised that estimate to seven million. The higher numbers are likely inflated, but more killings do not appear to reduce the number of users.

Singapore notoriously refuses to publish reliable drug-use statistics, so there is no way to show whether executions have any measurable effect on drug consumption.  As Harm Reduction International pointed out, however, Singapore’s seizures for cannabis and methamphetamine increased 20 percent in 2016 while heroin seizures remained stable. Moreover, 80 percent of Singapore’s prisoners are incarcerated for drug-related offenses.  All of this suggests, Singapore’s famous panacea to solve the drug problem is not as miraculous as it seems....

Mr. Trump is not advancing a new strategy to deal with opioids.  It was President Clinton who put these death penalty statutes on the books as part of the 1994 crime bill, but they remain unused.  Mr. Trump and Attorney General Jeff Sessions are trying to change that.  They want to use those laws in racketeering cases and ones involving large quantities of drugs even though the Supreme Court has ruled that capital punishment should be reserved only for crimes resulting in death.

The Donald Trump of 2018 should take a lesson from the Donald Trump of 1990 when he told the Miami Herald: “We are losing badly the war on drugs. You have to legalize drugs to win that war.”

March 26, 2018 at 09:45 PM | Permalink

Comments

NYT on Trump? Dismissed. David Duke hate speech on the Jews has more credibility. Lying, biased, unethical journalism crap.

Posted by: David Behar | Mar 27, 2018 2:19:36 AM

"An overreliance on intensive policing over the decades has also produced a rapid Darwinian evolution of the drug trade. The people we have typically captured tend to be the ones who are dumb enough to get caught. They may have violated operational security, bragged too much, lived conspicuous lifestyles or engaged in turf wars. The ones we usually miss tend to be the most innovative, adaptable and cunning. We have picked off their clumsy competition for them and opened up that lucrative economic trafficking space to the most efficient organizations. It is as though we have had a decades-long policy of selectively breeding supertraffickers and ensuring the “survival of the fittest.”

Yes and in a totally different context this is also one of the strongest arguments against encryption backdoors, golden keys, etc. It is a war only on the inept, the unlucky, and the stupid. That's not much of a war... The same can be also be said of sex trafficking as well.

People adapt.

Note that this claim that people adapt is not an argument that we should do nothing. It is an argument that we need to think carefully about what we do and ask if the problems are solutions are creating are worse than the ones they are trying to solve. The problem with the war on drugs isn't that it is a bad idea, it is that it has failed to accomplish what it was designed to do. More of the same is insanity.

Posted by: Thingamabob | Mar 27, 2018 3:19:24 PM

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