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June 11, 2020

"A legislative guide for winnable, high-impact criminal justice reforms"

The title of this post is the title of this new detailed briefing from the Prison Policy Initiative. Here is the start and table of contents (with links):

Given the public’s increasing demands for real change to the criminal justice system, we’ve updated and expanded our annual guide for state legislators to reforms that we think are ripe for victory.  We’ve curated this list to offer policymakers and advocates straightforward solutions that would have the greatest impacts without further investments in the carceral system.  We have focused especially on those reforms that would reduce the number of people needlessly confined in prisons and jails — a systemic problem made even more urgent by the COVID-19 pandemic.

This briefing is not intended to be a comprehensive platform, but rather to address a surprising problem faced by legislators: Each state’s criminal justice system varies so much that it can be difficult to apply lessons from other states to the same problem in one’s own.  The laws and procedures are all different, each state collects different data, and often the same words are used to mean very different things in different states, so it’s important to figure out which problems are a priority in your state and which lessons from elsewhere are most useful.  For that reason, each item here includes links to more state-level information, the text of model legislation, and/or detailed guidance on crafting a remedy.

Readers should also note that we made a conscious choice to not include critical reforms that are unique to just a few states, nor important reforms for which we don’t yet have enough useful resources that would make sense in most states.  But this guide grows and evolves each year, so we welcome ideas and resources from other state legislators and advocates.

Table of Contents

End unnecessary jail detention for people awaiting trial and for low-level offenses (2 recommendations)

Shorten excessive prison sentences and improve release processes (2 recommendations)

Sentence fewer people to incarceration and make sentences shorter (3 recommendations)

Change the financial incentives that fuel punitive justice system responses (2 recommendations)

Stop probation and parole systems from fueling incarceration (4 recommendations)

Keep criminal justice, juvenile justice, and immigration processes separate (2 recommendations)

Give all communities equal voice in how our justice system works (2 recommendations)

June 11, 2020 at 02:33 PM | Permalink

Comments

These are great ideas, and I hope many legislatures can take them to heart. In my home state, probation and parole, with long sentences hanging over the defendant's head, have long fueled a fast growing prison population, which is counter-productive and the taxpayers cannot afford. From the experiment with Veterans Treatment Courts, we should ave learned a long time ago that rather than revoking a defendant's probation or parole completely, he should instead be given a "quick dip" in jail of a week for most violations. The point is made quickly and at a much lower cost to taxpayers.

Posted by: James Gormley | Jun 11, 2020 8:45:47 PM

Thanks for the recommendation!

Posted by: Delfin Alforque | Jun 15, 2020 11:17:11 AM

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