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April 8, 2021

Ninth Circuit provides yet another ruling on post-FIRST STEP Act federal compassionate release authority

When it rains it pours, at least wih respect to compasionate release rulings these days.  In this last post, I called a Fifth CIrcuit decision handed down yesterday the latest such ruling.  But, thanks to people on Twitter smarter than me, I learned that the Ninth Circuit issues a ruling on this topic today in US v. Aruda, No. 20-10245 (9th Cir. April 8, 2021) (available here). Here is the start and a key paragrph of the ruling:

Patricia Aruda appeals from the district court’s order denying her motion for compassionate release under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(1)(A)(i).  We hold that the current version of U.S. Sentencing Guidelines Manual (“U.S.S.G.”) § 1B1.13 is not an “applicable policy statement[] issued by the Sentencing Commission” for motions filed by a defendant under the recently amended § 3582(c)(1)(A).  Because the district court relied on U.S.S.G. § 1B1.13, we vacate and remand so that the district court can reassess Aruda’s motion for compassionate release under the correct legal standard....

We agree with the persuasive decisions of our sister circuits and also hold that the current version of U.S.S.G. § 1B1.13 is not an “applicable policy statement[]” for 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(1)(A) motions filed by a defendant.  In other words, the Sentencing Commission has not yet issued a policy statement “applicable” to § 3582(c)(1)(A) motions filed by a defendant.  The Sentencing Commission’s statements in U.S.S.G. § 1B1.13 may inform a district court’s discretion for § 3582(c)(1)(A) motions filed by a defendant, but they are not binding. See Gunn, 980 F.3d at 1180.

A few of many, many prior related posts:

April 8, 2021 at 08:56 PM | Permalink

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